# High Voltage Transistor Tester with the Analog Discovery Pro 5250

While you can use the Transistor Tester Adapter to test small signal bipolar junction transistors (BJTs) and field-effect transistors (FETs) with the Analog Discovery 2, several mid- to high power devices are out of the range of these devices. In these cases, you can use the variable voltage supply and the digital multimeter on the ADP5250 to create your high voltage test bench and to plot the characteristic curves of power transistors. This article demonstrates how to do this in Python through the use of WaveForms SDK.

## Inventory

#### Hardware

• ZVN3310A, or other transistor
• 2x 10W 51Ω ceramic resistors

#### Software

• WaveForms SDK (installed with WaveForms)
• a text editor of your choice

Note: In this demo, the Python package created in the Getting Started with WaveForms SDK guide will be used. To write the Python script without using this package, check the WaveForms SDK Resource Center.

## Connecting the Transistor to the ADP5250

In this test, the drain current versus the drain-source voltage of the selected MOSFET will be plotted for varying gate-source voltages. Connect the gate of the transistor to the waveform generator and the source to the ground.

To limit the maximum drain current to the maximum output current of the supplies, a $R=\frac{V}{I}=\frac{V_{+}-V_{-}}{I}=\frac{25V+25V}{0.5A}=100Ω$ resistor is needed in series with the transistor.

The maximum output current of the ADP5250 on the +25V and -25V supplies is 500mA, so the maximum power dissipated by the resistor, in the case of an ideal switch instead of the MOSFET (with 0Ω resistance), would be $P_{R}=I_{Rmax}*V_{Rmax}=0.5A*50V=25W$ which is higher then the rated power of the 10W ceramic resistors. To protect the circuit, two pieces of 51Ω resistors will be used in series, so the voltage is divided equally between them, the dissipated power being only half, which is 12.5W. This is still above 10W so the maximum voltage should also be reduced. If the maximum voltage drop is only 40V, the dissipated power by the resistors will be $P_{51R}=\frac{I_{Rmax}*V_{Rmax}}{2}=\frac{0.5*40V}{2}=10W$

Connect the ampere meter of the DMM in series with the resistors. As the ampere meter and the voltmeter use the same reference, which is already connected to the drain, connect the positive lead of the voltmeter to the source of the MOSFET. The measured voltage will be inverted, but the results can be multiplied with -1 from software.

Use the high scale ampere meter on the DMM!

## Writing the Script

Import the necessary packages into your script and define the measurement parameters.

from WF_SDK import device, supplies, wavegen, dmm # import instruments
import time                     # needed for delays
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt # needed for plotting

"""-----------------------------------------------------------------------"""

# parameters
Vd_resolution = 500 # drain voltage resolution in mV
Vd_limit = 40       # maximum drain voltage in V
Vg_resolution = 2   # gate voltage resolution in V
Vg_limit = 12       # maximum gate voltage in V
delay_time = 0.1    # time between samples in seconds
transistor = "ZVN3310A"

Connect to the device, initialize the digital multimeter and generate the lists of voltages which will be generated in the following. Also create empty lists for the results.

# connect to the device
device_handle, device_name = device.open("Analog Discovery Pro 5250")

# check for connection errors
device.check_error(device_handle)

"""-----------------------------------"""

# initialize the scope
dmm.open(device_handle)

# generate voltages list
Vd = range(0, int((Vd_limit  * 1000) + Vd_resolution), int(Vd_resolution))
Vg = range(Vg_resolution * 1000, int((Vg_limit + Vg_resolution) * 1000), int(Vg_resolution * 1000))

# convert from mV to V
Vd = [element / 1000 for element in Vd]
Vg = [element / 1000 for element in Vg]

# create empty lists for the results
Vds = [[] for _ in Vg]
Id = [[] for _ in Vg]

Step through the list of gate-source voltages. Output every voltage on the waveform generator.

For every gate-source voltage, step through the list of drain voltages, outputting each on the +25V supply. After the voltage change is commanded, wait a bit for the supply voltage to settle, then use the digital multimeter to measure the drain-source voltage and the drain current. Don't forget to invert the voltage.

try:
index = 0
for gate_voltage in Vg:
# set the gate voltage
print("Gate-Source Voltage: " + str(gate_voltage) + "V")
wavegen.generate(device_handle, 1, wavegen.function.dc, gate_voltage)
for drain_voltage in Vd:
print("\tDrain voltage: " + str(drain_voltage) + "V")
# set the drain voltage
if drain_voltage > 25:
supplies.switch_25V(device_handle, True, True, drain_voltage - 25, -25)
else:
supplies.switch_25V(device_handle, True, True, 0, drain_voltage * (-1))

# delay
time.sleep(delay_time)

# measure the drain-source voltage
Vds[index].append((-1) * dmm.measure(device_handle, "voltage"))

# measure the drain current
Id[index].append(dmm.measure(device_handle, "high current"))
index += 1
except:
pass

print("Done")

When the measurement is finished, close every instrument and disconnect from the device.

# reset the scope
dmm.close(device_handle)

# reset the wavegen
wavegen.close(device_handle)

# reset the power suplpies
supplies.switch_25V(device_handle, False, False, 0, 0)
supplies.close(device_handle)

# close the connection
device.close(device_handle)

Finally, plot the results.

# plot results
for index in range(len(Vg)):
try:
plt.plot(Vds[index], Id[index], label=(r"$V_{GS}$" + "=" + str(Vg[index]) + "V"))
except:
pass
plt.xlabel(r"$V_{DS}$" + "[V]")
plt.ylabel(r"$I_{D}$" + "[A]")
plt.legend()
plt.title(transistor)
plt.show()

## Testing

Turn on the ADP5250 and start the script. Wait for it to finish. You can save the plotted results by clicking on the respective button. Compare your results to the one presented in the datasheet of the transistor.

The resistors and the MOSFET might get hot! Don't leave the setup unsupervised!!!

## Next Steps

For more guides on how to use your Digilent Test & Measurement Device, return to the device's Resource Center, linked from the Test and Measurement page of this wiki.

For information on the Transistor Tester Adapter, check out its Resource Center.

For technical support, please visit the Test and Measurement section of the Digilent Forum.